Early life[ edit ] Statue of St.
Little is known about his life, although many short stories about his life are recorded by Giorgio Vasari in his Lives of the Artists In Florence Donatello learned the basics of sculpting at the Stonemasons' Guild, where he learned other crafts as well.
Donatello then became an apprentice a person who works to learn a trade to Lorenzo Ghiberti c. Inat the age of seventeen, Donatello was working for the master on the bronze reliefs sculpting from a flat surface of the doors of the Florentine Baptistery.
By he had left Ghiberti for the workshops of the Cathedral in Florence. Early works One of Donatello's earliest known works is the life-sized marble David ; reworked in ; now in the Bargello, Florence.
Intended to decorate part of the Cathedral, in it was set up in the Palazzo Vecchio a historic government building as a symbol of the Florentine republic, which was then engaged in a struggle with the king of Naples. The David, dramatic in posture and full of youthful energy, possesses something of the graceful late Gothic an artistic movement between the twelfth and fifteenth centuries feeling of a figure by Ghiberti.
Rapidly maturing, Donatello produced a strong and original style in two works: Mark on the outside of Orsanmichele, completed between and ; and the seated St.
John the Evangelist for the facade front of the Cathedral now in the Museo dell'Operafinished in These powerful, over-life-sized figures established the sculptor's reputation.
Mark broke with tradition in its classical stance and became a stunning symbolic portrait of a noble Florentine hero in the republic of Donatello's day. Donatello's new style was confirmed in the famous St. George, carved in marble around and for the exterior of Orsanmichele.
Even more significant is the little marble relief St. George and the Dragon, that decorates the base. The marble was ordered inand the relief was completed shortly afterward. This is an important date, for the relief is the earliest example in art of the new science of perspective used to create a measurable space for the figures.
Up to this time artists had conceived of a flat background in front of which, or in which, the figures were placed; now the low, pictorial forms seem to emerge from atmosphere and light.
Middle period Donatello was requested to create many pieces or works, which he often executed with other artists. An unusual work is the Marzocco, the lion of the Florentines, carved in sandstone. Reproduced by permission of Archive Photos, Inc.
It was ordered in for the papal of the pope apartments in Saint Maria Novella now in the Museo Nazionale.
Donatello's style in relief sculpture reached its height in the bronze Feast of Herod, completed in for the font in the Baptistery, Siena. Ghiberti, Jacopo della Quercia c.
In Donatello's very low relief composition he nearly, but purposefully, avoided the accurate construction of one-point architectural perspective. Around Donatello entered into partnership with Michelozzo, a sculptor and architect, with whom he made a trip to Rome after Vasari states that Donatello went to Rome with architect Filippo Brunelleschi [—].
This would have been much earlier, perhaps in ; but there is no document to confirm such a trip. The first of these established a type of wall tomb burial chamber that would influence many later Florentine examples.
Probably just after the trip to Rome, Donatello created the well-known gilded limestone Annunciation tabernacle place of worship in Sta Croce, Florence, enclosing the pair of Gabriel and the Virgin Mary.
He was also commissioned to carve a Singing Gallery for the Cathedral to match the one already begun by Luca della Robbia both now in the Museo dell'Opera.Donatello was the son of Niccolò di Betto Bardi, who was a member of the Florentine Arte della Lana, and was born in Florence, probably in the year Donatello was educated in the house of the Martelli family.
He apparently received his early artistic training in a goldsmith's workshop, and then worked briefly in the studio of Lorenzo Ghiberti. Italian sculptor Donatello was the greatest Florentine sculptor before Michelangelo (–) and was the most influential individual artist of the 15th century in Italy.
Sculptor, Artist (c. Donatello Biography Donatello di Niccolo di Betto Bardi, better known as simply Donatello, is arguably one of the most influential sculptors from the Italian Renaissance.
He was born in . The Italian sculptor Donatello () was the greatest Florentine sculptor before Michelangelo and certainly the most influential individual artist of the 15th century in Italy. Nearly every later sculptor and numerous Florentine and Paduan painters were indebted to him.
Though Donatello was a. Biography of DONATELLO (b. ca. , Firenze, d. , Firenze) in the Web Gallery of Art, a searchable image collection and database of European painting, sculpture and architecture ().
Between approximately Donatello found employment as a member of Lorenzo Ghiberti's workshop. Ghiberti was well known for his International Gothic style of bronze sculpture and excelled at creating gracefully subtle lines in his work.