History[ edit ] The earliest documentation of critical thinking are the teachings of Socrates recorded by Plato. Socrates established the fact that one cannot depend upon those in "authority" to have sound knowledge and insight. He demonstrated that persons may have power and high position and yet be deeply confused and irrational. He established the importance of asking deep questions that probe profoundly into thinking before we accept ideas as worthy of belief.
Critical Thinking and Military Leadership Many wrongly assume that critical thinking was invented by academics or scientists and has only recently been introduced into military thinking.
But, the opposite is true. They applied their critical thinking skills of analysis, interpretation, inference, and evaluation to strategic, operational, and tactical problems of all kinds. The same can be said about the great military minds today. Effective leadership at every level is as much about thinking as it is about motivating and following through.
Plans must be devised and tested, adaptions made as conditions change, assumptions tested, and contingencies accounted for. To lead anything well is to solve complex ill-structured, real-time, problems and to make sound, informed decisions. Successful leadership cannot happen without critical thinking.
Strong deductive reasoning skills are vital whenever contexts are precisely defined, whenever operational planning establishes firm deadlines. Deductive reasoning enables the leader to articulate the sequencing, define the performance tolerances, quantify the minimum and maximum limits, Review critical thinking questions essay the provision of essential resources, and plans each event as a necessary condition for the next.
Strong inductive reasoning is essential when making decisions in time-limited contexts involving risk and uncertainty. Inductive reasoning enables the leader to function well with partial or inconsistent intel, when facing a clever and adaptable enemy, when evaluating the downside risks of unwanted secondary or tertiary effects.
Using inductive reasoning leaders develop contingency plans, improvise tactical work arounds as conditions change, and judge when to move forward aggressively and when to pivot to an alternative approach.
Adaptation achieved through critical thinking is important at every level of the military and defense structure today, given the challenges of combating stateless terrorism and violent fanatical extremism.
Responding to these global and local challenges effectively is not the responsibility of the uniformed military alone. Local law enforcement and intelligence services have major roles to play, as do government officials.
The need for critical thinking in our mutual defense has perhaps never been greater. Leaders trigger critical thinking in themselves and the groups they lead by asking ten key questions: How is this situation like prior situations?
How is this situation NOT like prior situations? What happens if we take this element out of the equation? What happens if we insert this factor into the equation? How is the problem changing over time? How can I adjust and adapt to those changes? Why are standard approaches consistently failing?
How can I drive the chances to achieve advantage? Why are my people not seeing the complexity? Am I missing anything that other leaders are seeing? Military leaders know that being prepared to think is as important as being prepared to fight. Successful leaders discipline themselves and their people to interpret and analyze intelligence with care, to anticipate the obvious and the not so obvious consequences of alternative courses of action, to evaluate options objectively, and explain clearly to others what must be done and also why.
The mental disciplines most valued by thoughtful leaders are focus, foresight, intellectual integrity, professional and communicative confidence, forthrightness, and teamwork.
These disciplines of mind, like the skills, can be reinforced in the field by commanders who create and sustain a leadership environment that values thoughtful, well-informed, and thorough planning and problem-solving.
These disciplines are best cultivated before deployment with the proper pre-service educational and in-service training regimens.
More about critical thinking and leadership In collaboration with military professionals and training personnel, Insight Assessment has developed test instruments that measure each of these thinking skills and mental disciplines.
INSIGHT Defense is calibrated for all levels of military organizations including officers and enlisted personnel in field operations, senior leadership and business operations.
The Military and Defense Critical Thinking Inventory MDCTI is calibrated for use with undergraduate and graduate level enrollees or applicants to military education programs and colleges.Why Buy an Essay Online? Sometimes it happens that you find yourself in a drastic situation when your essay is due tomorrow or even today.
Obviously, if you cannot write it up to the required standard, you should seek qualified assistance. The SAT test, also known as the SAT Reasoning Test, is used in the application process to colleges and universities in the United States.
The test measures critical thinking skills and the ability to analyze and solve problems, and is often thought of as a measure of future college success. Critical Thinking Questions What is the difference between a protective environment and a nurturing environment The difference between a protective environment and a nurturing environment is that a protective environment ensures that a child is protected from abuse and neglect, whilst, a nurturing environment includes both physical safety and.
Free Essay: Ancient Music: Review & Critical Thinking Review Questions 1. What are the Hurrian songs? Why are they important? The Hurrian songs are. Professional Essay writing help from Speedy Paper is 24/7 here for you. Get a free quote now at +1 ! Critical thinking is a term that we hear a lot, but many people don't really stop to think about what it means or how to use it.
This lesson will tell you exactly what it means and make you.