His life began in the countryside of Westmoreland County, Virginia on February 22,
George Washington First U. President, Commander George Washington was the first president of the United States, Commanding General during the American Revolution and remains as one of the most influential and famous figures in American history.
His contribution extends far beyond perhaps any other in the history of the United States. Washington was born in Westmoreland County Virginia on February 22, His father was a wealthy farmer.
Washington was schooled at home, and at age 17 began his first job as surveyor of Culpeper County, Va. Inhe inherited the family estate of Mount Vernon, which would be his beloved home throughout the rest of his life. Washington was appointed adjunct of the southern district of Virginia, and given the rank of major.
During the War, Washington proved his great ability as a commander. In the French were defeated. Despite his military success, Washington gave up his commission and became a farmer. He married Martha Dandridge Custis, a wealthy widow.
ByWashington had become a key supporter of the colonial cause and was elected to the First Continental Congress.
He led the Continental Army against the mighty British Army as they began their fight for independence. The "shot heard around the world" was fired at Lexington in and the War began. Washington retreated to Manhattan and bought some time.
The British triumphed at Brandywine, and Washington moved his troops to protect Philadelphia. The British took Germantown and camped there, awaiting the Americans. Washington formulated his plan and his troops in for the attack It called for the simultaneous advance of four different units of troops — moving by night.
The morning started well for the Americans who had the British retreating. Others columns failed to coordinate effectively. The British defense was particularly strong at a Germantown mansion named Cliveden where dozens of soldiers had taken refuge.
Valuable time was lost while the Americans under Henry Knox bombarded the house.
In the end, bad luck and poor timing forced Washington to retreat to Whitemarsh with the British in pursuit. The Battle was an American defeat but it served to boost morale and self-confidence.
They believed the defeat was the result of bad luck, not poor tactics. The Americans suffered losses, wounded, and over captured.
The British casualties numbered plus 14 captured. There they regrouped and received training by several skilled Europeans. They emerged from Valley Forge with new determination and a much improved army, militarily.
Further, inFrance signed a treaty with the Americans, and began supplying supplies and naval assistance. There the British surrendered and the Treaty of Paris was signed on September 3, The War was over and the United States of America was born.
After the War Washington resigned as commander and retired to his estate at Mount Vernon. The new United States adopted the Articles of Confederationbut its founders realized the necessity to draft a new document as their Constitution.
A convention was held and Washington presided and was very involved in the process.
After much heated debate, on several occasions almost forcing the convention to be adjurned, the delegates ratified the United States Constitution. Washington was elected president of the United States on February 4, John Adams of Massachusetts was elected vice president.
In April Washington took the oath of office in New York City, where the seat of government was still provisionally maintained.
To Washington these provisions formed the basis of fiscal stability and solid national credit. Washington was very popular and served a second term in In November of that year, Washington and his cabinet removed to Germantown, which became the capitol until the epidemic was over.A premier leadership scholar and an eighteenth-century expert define the special contributions and qualifications of our first president.
Revolutionary hero, founding president, and first citizen of the young republic, George Washington was the most illustrious public man of his time, a man whose image today is the result of the careful grooming of his public persona to include the themes of.
George Washington (February 22, – December 14, ) commanded the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War (–). After serving as President of the United States ( to ), he briefly was in charge of a new army in Washington, despite his youth, played a major role in the frontier wars against the French and Indians in the s and s.
George Washington was in charge of the Continental Army in the American Revolution. Many of the troops only joined the army because they trusted and admired Washington. On Dec ember 25, , Washington's troops rowed across the Delaware River to New Jersey where they attacked the Hessians at Trenton.
Discover details about the life and career of George Washington, a military and political leader of the Continental Army in the American Revolution, and the first U.S.
president. Learn more at. George Washington, fondly referred to as the "father of his country," was the first President of the United States of America, the Commander in Chief of the Continental Army during the American War for Independence, and one of the U.S.
Founding Fathers. George Washington – first American president, commander of the Continental Army, president of the Constitutional Convention, and gentleman planter. These were the roles in which Washington exemplified character and leadership. Learn more about the remarkable life of George Washington in our biography below.